Reasons to pollard.
Sunrise: 08.18 Sunset: 03.59
Reasons for Pollarding.
Pollarding is the process of removing branches from the crown of a tree.
There are various reasons why pollarding is carried out:
1. When a tree in our garden gets too tall, or the branches sprawl in all directions, taking up too much space, we cut them to reduce the overall size of the crown. This process is called pollarding.
2. Pollarding reduces the bulk of the crown, making the tree less likely to blow over in high winds.
3. Tree leaves are sometimes used as fodder, and the branches for fire wood, or material for fencing. Pollarding allows the concentrated growth of long thin leaved branches at heights beyond the reach of cattle, horses and deer.
4. Pollards provide wood for many country crafts.
5. The life of ancient trees can be prolonged by pollarding, as is the case with the willows in the images below.
6. Pollarding provided wood for brash and log pile habitats,
7. Pollards allow sunlight to fall on the ground between them, encouraging grass and plants to grow and flourish and improving the habitat for small animals and invertebrates.
8. Large, mature tree (called standards) are often left at intervals between pollards, and around field edges.
There are most likely other reasons that I can’t recall for the moment.
Depending on the how the wood is to be used, trees are pollarded on 2 to 16 year cycles.
The images show very recent marsh willow pollards. The second image is of a willow that is a great favourite with nesting tits. http://thewildenmarshblog.com/2012/05/16/blue-tit/